4b. An-Nisa (51 to 100)
Hast thou not seen those unto whom a portion of the Scripture
hath been given , how they believe in idols and false deities…
Hast thou not seen those unto whom a portion of the Scripture hath been given , how they believe in idols and false deities , and bow they say of those ( idolaters ) who disbelieve : "These are more rightly guided than those who believe?"
Those are they whom Allah hath cursed , and he whom Allah hath cursed , thou ( O Muhammad ) wilt find for him no helper .
Or have they even a share in the Sovereignty? Then in that case , they would not give mankind even the speck on a date stone .
Or are they jealous of mankind because of that which Allah of His bounty hath bestowed upon them? For We bestowed upon the house of Abraham ( of old ) the Scripture and Wisdom , and We bestowed on them a mighty kingdom .
And of them were ( some ) who believed therein and of them were ( some ) who disbelieved therein . Hell is sufficient for ( their ) burning .
Lo! Those who disbelieve Our revelations , We shall expose them to the Fire . As often as their skins are consumed We shall exchange them for fresh skins that they may taste the torment . Lo! Allah is ever Mighty , Wise .
And as for those who believe and do good works , We shall make them enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow to dwell therein for ever ; there for them are pure companions and We shall make them enter plenteous shade .
Lo! Allah commandeth you that ye restore deposits to their owners , and , if ye judge between mankind , that ye judge justly . Lo! comely is this which Allah admonisheth you . Lo! Allah is ever Hearer , Seer .
O ye who believe! Obey Allah , and obey the messenger and those of you who are in authority ; and if ye have a dispute concerning any matter , refer it to Allah and the messenger if ye are ( in truth ) believers in Allah and the Last Day . That is better and more seemly in the end .
Hast thou not seen those who pretend that they believe in that which is revealed unto thee and that which was revealed before thee , how they would go for judgment ( in their disputes ) to false deities when they have been ordered to abjure them? Satan would mislead them far astray .
And then it is said unto them : Come unto that which Allah hath revealed and unto the messenger , thou seest the hypocrites turn from thee with aversion .
How would it be if a misfortune smote them because of that which their own hands have sent before ( them ) ? Then would they come unto thee , swearing by Allah that they were seeking naught but harmony and kindness .
Those are they , the secrets of whose hearts Allah knoweth . So oppose them and admonish them , and address them in plain terms about their souls .
We sent ; no messenger save that he should be obeyed by Allah ' s leave . And if , when they had wronged themselves , they had but come unto thee and asked forgiveness of Allah and asked forgiveness of the messenger , they would have found Allah Forgiving , Merciful .
But nay , by thy lord , they will not believe ( in truth ) until they make thee judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of that which thou decidest , and submit with full submission .
And if We had decreed for them : Lay down your lives or go forth from your dwellings , but few of them would have done it ; though if they did what they are exhorted to do it would be better for them , and more strengthening ;
And then We should bestow upon them from Our presence an immense reward ,
And should guide them unto a straight path .
Whoso obeyeth Allah and the messenger , they are with those unto whom Allah hath shown favor , of the Prophets and the saints and the martyrs and the righteous . The best of company are they!
Such is the bounty of Allah , and Allah sufficeth as knower .
O ye who believe! Take your precautions , then advance the proven ones , or advance all together .
Lo! among you there is he who Loitereth ; and if disaster overtook you , he would say : Allah hath been gracious unto me since I was not present with them
And if a bounty from Allah befell you , he would surely cry , as if there had been no love between you and him : Oh , would that I had been with them , then should I have achieved a great success!
Let those fight in the way of Allah who sell the life of this world for the other . Whoso fighteth in the way of Allah , be he slain or be he victorious , on him We shall bestow a vast reward .
How should ye not fight for the cause of Allah and of the feeble among men and of the women and the children who are crying : Our Lord! Bring us forth from out this town of which the people are oppressors! Oh , give us from Thy presence some protecting friend! Oh , give us from Thy presence some defender!
Those who believe do battle for the cause of Allah ; and those who disbelieve do battle for the cause of idols . So fight the minions of the devil . Lo! the devil ' s strategy is ever weak .
Hast thou not seen those unto whom it was said : Withhold your hands , establish worship and pay the poor due , but when fighting was prescribed for them behold , a party of them fear mankind even as their fear of Allah or with greater fear , and say : Our Lord! Why hast thou ordained fighting for us? If only Thou wouldst give us respite yet a while! Say ( unto them , O Muhammad ) : The comfort of this world is scant ; the Hereafter will be better for him who wardeth off ( evil ) ; and ye will not be wronged the down upon a date stone .
Wheresoever ye may be , death will overtake you , even though ye were in lofty towers . Yet if a happy thing befalleth them they say : This is from Allah ; and if an evil thing befalleth them they say : This is of thy doing ( O Muhammad ) . Say ( unto them ) : All is from Allah . What is amiss with these people that they come not nigh to understand a happening?
Whatever of good befalleth thee ( O man ) it is from Allah , and whatever of ill befalleth thee it is from thyself . We have sent thee ( Muhammad ) as a messenger unto mankind and Allah is sufficient as witness .
Whoso obeyeth the messenger obeyeth Allah , and whoso turneth away : We have not sent thee as a warder over them .
And they say : ( It is ) obedience ; but when they have gone forth from thee a party of them spend the night in planning other than what thou sayest . Allah recordeth what they plan by night . So oppose them and put thy trust in Allah . Allah is sufficient as Trustee .
Will they not then ponder on the Qur ' an? If it had been from other than Allah they would have found therein much incongruity .
And if any tidings , whether of safety or fear , come unto them , they noise it abroad , whereas if they had referred it to the messenger and such of them as are in authority , those among them who are able to think out the matter would have known it . If it had not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy ye would have followed Satan , save a few ( of you ) .
So fight ( O Muhammad ) in the way of Allah Thou art not taxed ( with the responsibility for anyone ) except for thyself and urge on the believers . Peradventure Allah will restrain the might of those who disbelieve . Allah is stronger in might and stronger in inflicting punishment .
Whoso interveneth in a good cause will have the reward thereof , and whoso interveneth in an evil cause will bear the consequence thereof . Allah overseeth all things .
When ye are greeted with a greeting , greet ye with a better than it or return it . Lo! Allah taketh count of all things .
Allah! There is no God save Him . He gathereth you all unto a Day of Resurrection whereof there is no doubt . Who is more true in statement than Allah?
What aileth you that ye are become two parties regarding the hypocrites , when Allah cast them back ( to disbelief ) because of what they earned? Seek ye to guide him whom Allah hath sent astray? He whom Allah sendeth astray , for him thou ( O Muhammad ) canst not find a road .
They long that ye should disbelieve even as they disbelieve , that ye may be upon a level ( with them ) . So choose not friends from them till they forsake their homes in the way of Allah ; if they turn back ( to enmity ) then take them and kill them wherever ye find them , and choose no friend nor helper from among them ,
Except those who seek refuge with a people between whom and you there is a covenant , or ( those who ) come unto you because their hearts forbid them to make war on you or make war on their own folk . Had Allah willed He could have given them power over you so that assuredly they would have fought you . So , if they hold aloof from you and wage not war against you and offer you peace , Allah alloweth you no way against them .
Ye will find others who desire that they should have security from you , and security from their own folk . So often as they are returned to hostility they are plunged therein . If they keep not aloof from you nor offer you peace nor hold their hands , then take them and kill them wherever ye find them . Against such We have given you clear warrant .
It is not for a believer to kill a believer unless ( it be ) by mistake . He who hath killed a believer by mistake must set free a believing slave , and pay the blood money to the family of the slain , unless they remit it as a charity . If he ( the victim ) be of a people hostile unto you , and he is a believer , then ( the penance is ) to set free a believing slave . And if he cometh of a folk between whom and you there is a covenant , then the blood money must be paid unto his folk and ( also ) a believing slave must be set free . And whoso hath not the wherewithal must fast two consecutive months . A penance from Allah . Allah is Knower , Wise .
Whoso slayeth a believer of set purpose , his reward is Hell for ever . Allah is wroth against him and He hath cursed him and prepared for him an awful doom .
O ye who believe! When ye go forth ( to fight ) in the way of Allah , be careful to discriminate , and say not unto one who offereth you peace : "Thou are not a believer ; " seeking the chance profits of this life ( so that ye may despoil him ) . With Allah are plenteous spoils . Even thus ( as he now is ) were ye before ; but Allah hath since then been gracious unto you . Therefore take care to discriminate . Allah is ever informed of what ye do .
Those of the believers who sit still , other than those who have a ( disabling ) hurt , are not on an equality with those who strive in the way of Allah with their wealth and lives . Allah hath conferred on those who strive with their wealth and lives a rank above the sedentary . Unto each Allah hath promised good , but He hath bestowed on those who strive a great reward above the sedentary ;
Degrees of rank from Him , and forgiveness and mercy . Allah is ever Forgiving , Merciful .
Lo! as for those whom the angels take ( in death ) while they wrong themselves , ( the angels ) will ask : In what were ye engaged? They will say : We were oppressed in the land . ( The angels ) will say : Was not Allah ' s earth spacious that ye could have migrated therein? As for such , their habitation will be hell , an evil journey ' s end ;
Except the feeble among men , and the women , and the children , who are unable to devise a plan and are not shown a way .
As for such , it may be that Allah will pardon them . Allah is ever Clement , Forgiving .
Whoso migrateth for the cause of Allah will find much refuge and abundance in the earth , and whoso forsaketh his home , a fugitive unto Allah and His messenger , and death overtaketh him , his reward is then incumbent on Allah . Allah is ever Forgiving , Merciful .