5a. Al-Maidah (1 to 50)
O ye who believe! Fulfil your undertakings . The beast of
cattle is made lawful unto you ( for food ) except that which …
O ye who believe! Fulfil your undertakings . The beast of cattle is made lawful unto you ( for food ) except that which is announced unto you ( herein ) , game being unlawful when ye are on pilgrimage . Lo! Allah ordaineth that which pleaseth Him .
O ye who believe! Profane not Allah ' s monuments nor the Sacred Month nor the offerings nor the garlands , nor those repairing to the Sacred House , seeking the grace and pleasure of Allah . But when ye have left the sacred territory , then go hunting ( if ye will ) . And let not your hatred of a folk who ( once ) stopped your going to the Inviolable Place of Worship seduce you to transgress ; but help ye one another unto righteousness and pious duty . Help not one another unto sin and transgression , but keep your duty to Allah . Lo! Allah is severe in punishment .
Forbidden unto you ( for food ) are carrion and blood and swine flesh , and that which hath been dedicated unto any other than Allah , and the strangled , and the dead through beating , and the dead through falling from a height , and that which hath been killed by ( the goring of ) horns , and the devoured of wild beasts , saving that which ye make lawful ( by the death stroke ) , and that which hath been immolated unto idols . And ( forbidden is it ) that ye swear by the divining arrows . This is an abomination . This day are those who disbelieve in despair of ( ever harming ) your religion ; so fear them not , fear Me! This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favor unto you , and have chosen for you as religion AL- ISLAM . Whoso is forced by hunger , not by will , to sin : ( for him ) lo! Allah is Forgiving , Merciful .
They ask thee ( O Muhammad ) what is made lawful for them . Say : ( all ) good things are made lawful for you . And those beasts and birds of prey which ye have trained as hounds are trained , ye teach them that which Allah taught you ; so eat of that which they catch for you and mention Allah ' s name upon it , and observe your duty to Allah . Lo! Allah is swift to take account .
This day are ( all ) good things made lawful for you . The food of those who have received the Scripture is lawful for you , and your food is lawful for them . And so are the virtuous women of the believers and the virtuous women of those who received the Scripture before you ( lawful for you ) when ye give them their marriage portions and live with them in honor , not in fornication , nor taking them as secret concubines . Whoso denieth the faith , his work is vain and he will be among the losers in the Hereafter .
O ye who believe! When ye rise up for prayer , wash your face , and your hands up to the elbows , and lightly rub your heads and ( wash ) your feet up to the ankles . And if ye are unclean , purify yourselves . And if ye are sick or on a journey , or one of you cometh from the closet , or ye have had contact with women , and ye find not water , then go to clean , high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it . Allah would not place a burden on you , but He would purify you and would perfect His grace upon you , that ye may give thanks .
Remember Allah ' s grace upon you and His covenant by which He bound you when ye said : We hear and we obey ; and keep your duty to Allah . Allah knoweth what is in the breasts ( of men ) .
O ye who believe! Be steadfast witnesses for Allah in equity , and let not hatred of any people seduce you that ye deal not justly . Deal justly , that is nearer to your duty . Observe your duty to Allah . Lo! Allah is Informed of what ye do .
Allah hath promised those who believe and do good works : Theirs will be forgiveness and immense reward .
And they who disbelieve and deny Our revelations , such are rightful owners of hell .
O ye who believe! Remember Allah ' s favor unto you , how a people were minded to stretch out their hands against you but He withheld their hands from you ; and keep your duty to Allah . In Allah let believers put their trust .
Allah made a covenant of old with the Children of Israel and We raised among them twelve chieftains : and Allah said : Lo! I am with you . If ye establish worship and pay the poor due , and believe in My messengers and support them , and lend unto Allah a kindly loan , surely I shall remit your sins , and surely I shall bring you into gardens underneath which rivers flow . Whoso among you disbelieveth after this will go astray from a plain road .
And because of their breaking their covenant , We have cursed them and made hard their hearts . They change words from their context and forget a part of that where of they were admonished . Thou wilt not cease to discover treachery from all save a few of them . But bear with them and pardon them . Lo! Allah loveth the kindly .
And with those who say : "Lo! we are Christians , " We made a covenant , but they forgot a part of that whereof they were admonished . Therefor We have stirred up enmity and hatred among them till the Day of Resurrection , when Allah will inform them of their handiwork .
O people of the Scripture! Now hath Our messenger come unto you , expounding unto you much of that which ye used to hide in the Scripture , and forgiving much . Now hath come unto you light from Allah and a plain Scripture
Whereby Allah guideth him who seeketh His good pleasure unto paths of peace . He bringeth them out of darkness unto light by His decree , and guideth them unto a straight path .
They indeed have disbelieved who say : Lo! Allah is the Messiah , son of Mary . Say : Who then can do aught against Allah , if He had willed to destroy the Messiah son of Mary , and his mother and everyone on earth? Allah ' s is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them . He createth what He will . And Allah is Able to do all things .
The Jews and Christians say : We are sons of Allah and His loved ones . Say ; Why then doth He chastise you for your sins? Nay , ye are but mortals of His creating . He forgiveth whom He will , and chastiseth whom He will . Allah ' s is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them , and unto Him is the journeying .
O people of the Scripture! Now hath Our messenger come unto you to make things plain after an interval ( of cessation ) of the messengers , lest ye should say : There came not unto us a messenger of cheer nor any warner . Now hath a messenger of cheer and a warner come unto you . Allah is Able to do all things .
And ( remember ) when Moses said unto his people : O my people ! Remember Allah ' s favor unto you , how He placed among you Prophets , and He made you Kings , and gave you that ( which ) He gave not to any ( other ) of ( His ) creatures .
O my people! Go into the holy land which Allah hath ordained for you . Turn not in flight , for surely ye turn back as losers :
They said : O Moses! Lo! a giant people ( dwell ) therein , and lo! we go not in till they go forth from thence . When they go forth , then we will enter ( not till then ) .
Then outspake two of those who feared ( their Lord , men ) unto whom Allah had been gracious : Enter in upon them by the gate , for if ye enter by it , lo! ye will be victorious . So put your trust ( in Allah ) if ye are indeed believers .
They said : O Moses! We will never enter ( the land ) while they are in it . So go thou and thy Lord and fight! We will sit here .
He said : My Lord! I have control of none but myself and my brother , so distinguish between us and the wrongdoing folk .
( Their Lord ) said : For this the land will surely be forbidden them for forty years that they will . wander in the earth , bewildered . So grieve not over the wrongdoing folk .
But recite unto them with truth the tale of the two sons of Adam , how they offered each a sacrifice , and it was accepted from the one of them and it was not accepted from the other . ( The one ) said : I will surely kill thee . ( The other ) answered : Allah accepteth only from those who ward off ( evil ) .
Even if thou stretch out thy hand against me to kill me , I shall not stretch out my hand against thee to kill thee , lo! I fear Allah , the Lord of the Worlds .
Lo! I would rather thou shouldst bear the punishment of the sin against me and thine own sin and become one of the owners of the Fire . That is the reward of evil doers .
But ( the other ' s ) mind imposed on him the killing of his brother , so he slew him and became one of the losers .
Then Allah sent a raven scratching up the ground , to show him how to hide his brother ' s naked corpse . He said : Woe unto me! Am I not able to be as this raven and so hide my brother ' s naked corpse? And he became repentant .
For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than man slaughter or corruption in the earth , it shall be as if be had killed all mankind , and whoso saveth the life of one , it shall be as if he had : saved the life of all mankind . Our messengers came unto them of old with clear proofs ( of Allah ' s sovereignty ) , but afterwards lo! many of them became prodigals in the earth .
The only reward of those who make war upon Allah and His messenger and strive after corruption in the land will be that they will be killed or crucified , or have their hands and feet on alternate sides cut off , or will be expelled out of the land . Such will be their degradation in the world , and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful doom ;
Save those who repent before ye overpower them . For know that Allah is Forgiving , Merciful .
O ye who believe! Be mindful of your duty to Allah , and seek the way of approach unto Him , and strive in His way in order that ye may succeed .
As for those who disbelieve , lo! if all that is in the were theirs , and as much again therewith , to ransom them from the doom on the day of Resurrection , it would not be accepted from them . Theirs will be a painful doom .
They will wish to come forth from the Fire , but they will not come forth from it . Theirs will be a lasting doom .
As for the thief , both male and female , cut off their hands . It is the reward of their own deeds , an exemplary punishment from Allah . Allah is Mighty , Wise .
But whoso repenteth after his wrongdoing and amendeth , lo! Allah will relent toward him . Lo! Allah is Forgiving , Merciful .
Knowest thou not that unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth? He punisheth whom He will , and forgiveth whom He will . Allah is Able to do all things .
O Messenger! Let not them grieve thee who vie one with another in the race to disbelief , of such as say with their mouths : "We believe , " but their hearts believe not , and of the Jews : listeners for the sake of falsehood , listeners on behalf of other folk who come not unto thee , changing words from their context and saying : If this be given unto you , receive it but if this be not given unto you , then beware! He whom Allah doometh unto sin , thou ( by thine efforts ) wilt avail him naught against Allah . Those are they for whom the will of Allah is that He cleanse not their hearts . Theirs in the world will be ignominy , and in the Hereafter an awful doom ;
Listeners for the sake of falsehood! Greedy for illicit gain! If then they have recourse unto thee ( Muhammad ) judge between them or disclaim jurisdiction . If thou disclaimest jurisdiction , then they cannot harm thee at all . But if thou judgest , judge between them with equity . Lo! Allah loveth the equitable .
How come they unto thee for judgment when they have the Torah , wherein Allah hath delivered judgment ( for them ) ? Yet even after that they turn away . Such ( folk ) are not believers .
Lo! We did reveal the Torah , wherein is guidance and a light , by which the Prophets who surrendered ( unto Allah ) judged the Jews , and the rabbis and the priests ( judged ) by such of Allah ' s Scripture as they were bidden to observe , and thereunto were they witnesses . So fear not mankind , but fear Me . And barter not My revelations for a little gain . Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed : such are disbelievers .
And We prescribed for them therein : The life for the life , and the eye for the eye , and the nose for the nose , and the ear for the ear , and the tooth for the tooth , and for wounds retaliation . But whoso forgoeth it ( in the way of charity ) it shall be expiation for him . Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed : such are wrong doers .
And We caused Jesus , son of Mary , to follow in their footsteps , confirming that which was ( revealed ) before him , and We bestowed on him the Gospel wherein is guidance and a light , confirming that which was ( revealed ) before it in the Torah a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off ( evil ) .
Let the People of the Gospel judge by that which Allah hath revealed therein . Whoso judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed ; such are evil livers .
And unto thee have We revealed the Scripture with the truth , confirming whatever Scripture was before it , and a watcher over it . So judge between them by that which Allah hath revealed , and follow not their desires away from the truth which hath come unto thee . For each We have appointed a divine law and a traced out way . Had Allah willed He could have made you one community . But that He may try you by that which He hath given you ( He hath made you as ye are ) . So vie one with another in good works . Unto Allah ye will all return , and He will then inform you of that wherein ye differ .
So judge between them by that which Allah hath revealed , and follow not their desires , but beware of them lest they seduce thee from some part of that which Allah hath revealed unto thee . And if they turn away , then know that Allah ' s will is to smite them for some sin of theirs . Lo! many of mankind are evil livers .
Is it a judgment of the time of ( pagan ) ignorance that they are seeking? Who is better than Allah for judgment to a people who have certainty ( in their belief ) ?