2a. Al-Baqarah (1 to 50)
This Surah contains 286 verses, rendering it the longest Surah in the Holy Qur’an. It is indisputable that this Surah was not revealed all at once, but partially and in increments as necessitated by the various Islamic social circumstances and conditions found at different times in Medina.
Alif . Lam . Mim .
ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ ۛ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ (2
This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt , a guidance unto those who ward off ( evil ) .
Who believe in the unseen , and establish worship , and spend of that We have bestowed upon them ;
And who believe in that which is revealed unto thee ( Muhammad ) and that which was revealed before thee , and are certain of the Hereafter .
These depend on guidance from their Lord . These are the successful .
As for the disbelievers , whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for them ; they believe not .
Allah hath sealed their hearing and their hearts , and on their eyes there is a covering . Theirs will be an awful doom .
And of mankind are some who say : We believe in Allah and the Last Day , when they believe not .
They think to beguile Allah and those who believe , and they beguile nonesave themselves ; but they perceive not .
In their hearts is a disease , and Allah increaseth their disease . A painful doom theirs because they lie .
And when it is said unto them : Make not mischief in the earth , they say : We are peacemakers only .
Are not they indeed the mischief makers? But they perceive not .
And when it is said unto them : Believe as the people believe , they say : Shall we believe as the foolish believe? Are not they indeed the foolish? But they know not .
And when they fall in with those who believe , they say : We believe ; but when they go apart to their devils they declare : Lo! we are with you ; verily we did but mock .
Allah ( Himself ) doth mock them , leaving them to wander blindly on in their contumacy .
These are they who purchase error at the price of guidance , so their commerce doth not prosper , neither are they guided .
Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire , and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness , where they cannot see ,
Deaf , dumb and blind ; and they return not
Or like a rainstorm from the sky , wherein is darkness , thunder and the flash of lightning . They thrust their fingers in their ears by reason of the thunder-claps , for fear of dead Allah encompasseth the disbelievers ( in His guidance ) .
The lightning almost snatcheth away their sight from them . As often as it flasheth forth for them they walk therein , and when it darkeneth against them they stand still . If Allah willed , He could destroy their hearing and their sight Lo! Allah is Able to do all things .
O mankind! Worship your Lord , Who hath created you and those before you , so that ye may ward off ( evil ) .
Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you , and the sky a canopy ; and causeth water to pour down from the sky , thereby producing fruits as food for you . And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know ( better ) .
And if ye are in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto Our slave ( Muhammad ) , then produce a sura or the like thereof , and call your witnesses beside Allah if ye are truthful .
And if ye do it not and ye can never do it - enguard yourselves against the fire prepared for disbelievers , whose fuel is of men and stones .
And give glad tidings ( O Muhammad ) unto those who believe and do good works ; that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow ; as often as they are regaled with food of the fruit thereof , they say : This is what was given us aforetime ; and it is given to them in resemblance . There for them are pure companions ; there for ever they abide .
Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude even of a gnat . Those who believe know that it is the truth from their Lord ; but those who disbelieve say : What doth Allah wish ( to teach ) by such a similitude? He misleadeth many thereby , and He guideth many thereby ; and He misleadeth thereby only miscreants ;
Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it and sever that which Allah ordered to be joined , and ( who ) make mischief in the earth : Those are they who are the losers
How disbelieve ye in Allah when ye were dead and He gave life to you! Then he will give you death , then life again , and then unto Him ye will return .
He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth . Then turned He to the heaven , and fashioned it as seven heavens . And He is Knower of all things .
And when thy Lord said unto the angels : Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the earth , they said : wilt Thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood , while we , we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee? He said : Surely I know that which ye know not .
And He taught Adam all the names , then showed them to the angels , saying : Inform me of the names of these , if ye are truthful .
They said : Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us . Lo! Thou , only Thou , art the Knower , the Wise .
He said : O Adam! Inform them of their names , and when he had informed them of their names , He said : Did I not tell you that I know the secret of the heavens and the earth? And I know that which ye disclose and which ye hide .
And when We said unto the angels : Prostrate yourselves before Adam , they fell prostrate , all save Iblis He demurred through pride , and so became a disbeliever .
And We said : O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden , and eat ye freely ( of the fruits ) thereof where ye will ; but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrongdoers .
But Satan caused them to deflect therefrom and expelled them from the ( happy ) state in which they were ; and We said : Fall down , one of you a foe unto the other! There shall be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a tune .
Then Adam received from his Lord words ( of revelation ) , and He relented toward him . Lo! He is the Relenting the Merciful .
We said : Go down , all of you , from hence ; but verily there cometh unto you from Me a guidance ; and whoso followeth My guidance , there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve .
But they who disbelieve , and deny our revelations , such are rightful owners of the Fire . They will abide therein .
O Children of Israel! Remember My favor wherewith I favored you , and fulfil your ( part of the ) covenant , I shall fulfil My ( part of the ) covenant and fear Me .
And believe in that which I reveal , confirming that which ye possess already ( of the Scripture ) , and be not first to disbelieve therein , and part not with My revelations for a trifling price , and keep your duty unto Me .
Confound not truth with falsehood , nor knowingly conceal the truth .
Establish worship , pay the poor-due , and bow your heads with those who bow ( in worship ) .
Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye yourselves forget ( to practise it ) ? And ye are readers of the Scripture! Have ye then no sense?
Seek help in patience and prayer ; and truly it is hard save for the humble-minded ,
Who know that they will have to meet their Lord , and that unto Him they are returning .
O Children of Israel! Remember My favor wherewith I favored you and how I preferred you to ( all ) creatures .
And guard yourselves against a day when no soul will in aught avail another , nor will intercession be accepted from it , nor will compensation be received from it , nor will they he helped .
And ( remember ) when We did deliver you from Pharaoh ' s folk , who were afflicting you with dreadful torment , slaying your sons and sparing your women : That was a tremendous trial from your Lord .
And when We brought you through the sea and rescued you , and drowned the folk of Pharaoh in your sight .